Reykholt and surroundings

Reykholt and surroundings

The village Reykholt (64°10’N 20°27’W) belongs to the municipality of Bláskógabyggð in South Iceland. It was founded in 1928 with the opening of the first school. Reykholt has around 200 inhabitants. It is situated on the road of the Golden Circle and not so far from Geysir, Gullfoss, and the church Skálholt. On the small hill Rógholt, Reykholt has its own hot water spring, called Reykholtshver (64°10’25”N 20°26’35”W), that delivers hot water to heat up the school, living houses and greenhouses in the area. Reykholtshver is an old geysir that erupts every 10 minutes and gives around 14 liters per second of 100°C hot water (www.aratunga.is). 

The greenhouses in Reykholt grow different types of vegetables and fruits: (1) Tomatoes (Friðheimar), (2) cucumbers (Gufuhlíð), (3) strawberries (Jarðarberjaland), and (4) strawberries, forest and adolescent plants (Kvistar). The cultivation in the greenhouses is mostly ecological and the growers use organic defences to protect their plants. The greenhouses use mostly imported bumblebees from the Netherlands for pollination (e.g., Koppert). The greenhouses are heated with geothermal hot water which comes from the nearby Reykholtshver hot spring (www.islenskt.is).


Geology of Reykholt

Reykholt and the surrounding area is build-up of basaltic to intermediate extrusive rocks and sediments from the Lower Pleistocene (0.8-2.6 Ma) (jardfraedikort.is).

 

 

 

 

The legend for the geologic map of Iceland in 1:600.000 can be accessed here.



Links and References