Geological Field Work in Jordan 2015
10.03 – 19.03
Prof. Dr. Thomas Kenkmann, Dr. Tim Krüger and Dr. Sebastian Sturm
During nine days, we investigated the local and structural geology of the complex impact crater Waqf as Suwwan in Jordan. The focus of this field work was concentrated of the understanding of the structural inventory of small complex impact craters.
The Waqf as Suwaan impact structure is located in the eastern desert of Jordan and is one of the largest known impact structures in the Middle East. It was created by the impact of a large asteroid or comet about 550 million years ago during the Ediacaran Period. The structure is approximately 9 km in diameter and consists of a central uplift surrounded by a ring of hills. The central uplift is composed of fragmented and shattered rock layers, which were uplifted and displaced by the impact. The Waqf as Suwaan impact structure is significant for a number of reasons. Firstly, it provides valuable insights into the geological history of the region and the impact events that have shaped the Earth’s surface. Secondly, it is an important location for studying the effects of large impacts on the environment and the potential for life to survive in such extreme conditions. Overall, the Waqf as Suwaan impact structure is a fascinating geological site that continues to provide important scientific insights into the history and evolution of our planet.
Kenkmann, T., Sturm, S., Krüger, T., Salameh, E., Al-Raggad, M. and Konsul, K. (2017), The structural inventory of a small complex impact crater: Jebel Waqf as Suwwan, Jordan. Meteorit Planet Sci, 52: 1351-1370. https://doi.org/10.1111/maps.12823