Golden Circle (Gullni hringurinn)
The Golden Circle is a popular tourist route in Iceland that covers approximately 300 kilometers of stunning landscapes, natural wonders, and cultural attractions. The route is circular and starts and ends in Reykjavik, the capital city of Iceland. The three main stops on the Golden Circle are Þingvellir National Park, Geysir Geothermal Area, and Gullfoss Waterfall. Thingvellir National Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is significant for its historical and geological importance. It is home to the Alþingi, the world’s oldest parliament, and also marks the boundary between the North American and Eurasian tectonic plates. Geysir Geothermal Area is known for its geysers, hot springs, and mud pots. The most famous geyser in the area is Strokkur, which erupts every few minutes and shoots boiling water up to 30 meters high. Gullfoss Waterfall is one of Iceland’s most popular and picturesque waterfalls. It is a two-tiered waterfall that drops a total of 32 meters and is surrounded by stunning natural scenery. In addition to these three main attractions, there are several other stops along the Golden Circle that are worth exploring, including Kerið volcanic crater, Hveragerði geothermal park, and Skálholt Church. Overall, the Golden Circle is a must-see destination for anyone visiting Iceland, offering a unique combination of natural beauty, geological wonders, and cultural heritage.